From January 1, 2007 the regulations of (EC) no 1749/2006 are in force. These regulations set the common scheme of air navigation charges. The Regulation describes the rules of establishing unit rates of air navigation charges.
According to European regulations, air navigation charges must be established in relation to costs incurred in connection with providing air navigation services. The components are all the costs of working of air navigation service provider – the Polish Air Navigation Services Agency (PANSA) and the part of the costs bound to state supervising authority – the Civil Aviation Office.*
The regulation describes both methodology of establishing unit rate charge and the means of calculating flight charge (based on the weight rate of the aircraft, and the duration of the flight). It also specifies the range of information which must be accessible to the airlines during the consultations. What is more, it initiates a system of supervision of the charges’ compatibility with the regulation, accomplished by state supervising authorities and the European Commission.
The regulation, compatible with EU law system, is the act administered directly in the state law order and precedes in case of the conflict with state law.
Therefore, air navigation charges, collected by the Polish Air Navigation Services Agency, from January 1, 2008, must be established according to the rules of the EU regulation, establishing a common scheme of air navigation services charges.
There are two types of navigation charges: terminal and en-route charges.
Air Navigation charges are collected from the users of the airspace (airlines, and other aircraft users) for providing the services.
For PANSA, terminal charges provide the reimbursement connected with provision of tower control, aeronautical information service and approach control – servicing arrivals and departures on ground and in the airspace attached.
En-route charges include costs related to provision of area control, and the costs related to provision of other services.
The Regulation states that en-route costs of ANS provider are defrayed from en-route charges, and terminal costs are defrayed from terminal charges and/or other incomes.
* Only the costs incurred by CAO in connection with the implementation of duties related to the provision of air navigation services can be reckoned to the cost-base of navigation charges, that is, the supervisory functions according to the laws concerning the creation of the Single European Sky, and the current supervision of the accomplishment of the tasks by air navigation services providing institutions.